In Vitro Fertilization Pregnancy

When infertility is complex and the factors that cause it are difficult or impossible to solve, In Vitro fertilization is the treatment to assist the couple's reproduction. The indications for women or couples with IVF in vitro fertilization treatment are multiple today.

One of the first conjectures for which this technique was designed was to show the problems or difficulties in the reproductive system of women, specifically locating ourselves in the fallopian tubes, due to occlusion, then they took into consideration another list of possible problems that affect a woman's reproductive function, for example:

  • Infectious processes
  • Pelvic inflammatory diseases
  • Tubal ligation
  • Endometriosis patients
  • Polycystic ovarian syndrome
  • Patients with previous unsuccessful treatments, scheduled intercourse, inseminations
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Clinical Program specialized in In Vitro Fertilization

It is a priority that the In Vitro fertilization program be designed in a comprehensive way for those women, men or couples who want to become parents with a baby, and in such a way it must cover several aspects, such as:

The Medical Aspect:

The medical aspect of this technique includes an IVF diagnostic stage, where the couple suffering from infertility is evaluated, a medical history is performed on the couple, this history includes:

  • A semen analysis
  • Examination with a vaginal ultrasound
  • Transfer test
  • A specially designed work plan is developed based on the outcome

In the clinic, the couple is oriented on how the In Vitro fertilization treatment will be performed. The aforementioned transfer test is essential since it consists of a painless and rapid test where valuable information is provided to carry out the embryo transfer later and successfully. With this medical aspect, it is declared that the couple is a candidate for in vitro fertilization.

The Emotional Aspect:

Invite couples who want to have a baby to workshops to have an adequate preparation where at an emotional and psycho-corporal level, they will have information about those emotions to which they are going to be subjected with the entire process of In Vitro fertilization, where they are clarified the doubts and concerns that each of the couples may be presenting, as well as single men and women.

The Economic Aspect:

Each institution or clinic has in its In Vitro fertilization programs, plans that adjust to the economic reality of each couple. According to the budget, they can efficiently establish their priorities or the ideal time to carry out the process.

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How is pregnancy possible through IVF?

In Vitro Fertilization is a highly complex technique with a series of basic stages, which can be defined in four, which are those performed in the fertilization or assisted fertilization treatment:

Stimulation:

In this phase, medications are administered to the patient subcutaneously and painlessly. These medications consist of stimulating the ovaries for their growth and follicle maturation; It is in this follicle where the ovary is located; this phase lasts between 10 to 12 days. This phase requires strict monitoring through ultrasound, where growth and estradiol levels are assessed, in order to determine how estrogen levels are. As soon as the patient is ready, we proceed with the second step of this stage.

Follicular Puncture:

The puncture, which is used to extract the eggs, is a painless treatment, however it is performed under sedation; The process does not last more than 20 minutes, it is an outpatient procedure, through the vaginal route and through guided echo, the ovules are extracted from the patient, introducing an ultrasound with a guide, in this way the follicles are punctured and They extract the eggs, this is entered in a suction equipment, where the extracted follicular fluid goes directly to the biologists. From this, the third stage arrives.

In vitro fertilization:

Previously, biologists have the semen sample that was extracted from the partner or donor, where they are subsequently trained, which is the final phase of sperm development, where they acquire the ability to fertilize the oocyte. The biologist unites the egg with the sperm, either by a conventional in vitro fertilization technique or by intracytoplasmic injection. This phase is one of the most important, it is part of the success of an assisted fertilization technique, where the biologist, embryologist, laboratory, culture media and implemented technology participate.

Embryo transfer:

Once fertilization is carried out, the next day fertilization is visible where the embryos are observed after three or five days. Once the stage is ready, we proceed with the last step, which is the transfer of the embryos, this is a painless and outpatient procedure, requires at least 15 minutes and is performed under ultrasound guidance, in which a catheter and embryos are placed.

After this stage, the professional gives precise indications to the patient, a progesterone supplementation is provided, until the pregnancy test is performed, which is carried out in the next 10 days, to know if the result is positive or not. After two weeks, a gestational ultrasound is performed, to establish the presence of the embryo, evaluating and performing some other necessary diagnoses, to ensure that the IVF procedure has a happy and successful completion.

We invite you to get in touch with our specialists at Celagem who will help you solve all the doubts you may have regarding reproduction and fertility treatments. At Celagem we are here to help you fulfill your dream of becoming a father.

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What is in vitro fertilization?

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