The term fertility refers to the ability of a person to achieve pregnancy, whether male or female, both are important for fertilization to take place. That later is gestated by the woman.
People can develop infertility at birth or at some point in their life. Triggers can be both hereditary and environmental, a poor diet, being overweight or some disease can harm a person's fertility.
It is recommended to know your fertility status at an early age, so you have a planning and method depending on your needs. Although it may vary in the future, many times it can be prevented or be aware that there is a lifestyle that ensures a better fertility rate.
Beyond the external signs that could give us a sign of infertility, some that are found online are not scientifically proven, being the safest method to perform the tests depending on the sex.
Presenting a sign of infertility in the results is not the end of forming a family
Presenting a sign of infertility in the results is not the end of forming a family, there are various methods and techniques of assisted reproduction that achieve the process in case of any alteration, although it does not happen to most people, it is advisable to be prepared.
Knowing my fertility
The following tests are the most relevant for both people to know their fertility, in the case of women, there is more evidence. Since fertilization is one of the first phases, then comes the implantation and development, with various parts of the body that fulfill the function of achieving a successful pregnancy.
- Hormonal analysis: Hormonal values are one of the first tests that is usually performed. These provide information on the functionality of the ovaries, the ovarian reserve or any alteration of the menstrual cycle that may indicate a greater problem. The main hormones that are examined in the analysis are:
- Transvaginal ultrasound: A study of the uterine apparatus is carried out from the inside, observing if there is an anatomical alteration or obstruction. The antral follicles are also evaluated, which provides relevant information on the ovarian reserve.
- Hysterosalpingography (HSG): When a woman has an obvious sign of infertility, this test is performed, because it provides more consistent information on the assisted reproduction method to be used. This consists of an X-ray study, where the fallopian tubes, patency and the structure of the uterus are visualized.
The HSG test can identify certain disorders, such as:
- Uterine malformations.
- Blockage of the fallopian tubes.
- Causes of Inflammation of the Tubes.
These previous tests are necessary if the woman has been trying to get pregnant for more than a year. Unless you are over 35 years of age, in this case after 6 months you should see a doctor.
If the woman only wants to know her fertility at some point in her life, without necessarily looking for pregnancy, with a cytology and ultrasound, it is enough to know the fertility status.
We hope this list helps you answer the question: How do I know if I am fertile or not?
- Physical conditions: The first study performed is a physical examination, where the patient's genital areas are explored, this may include:
- Patient weight.
- Review of the penis and prostate
- Volume of the prostate.
- Ultrasound of the testicles.
In this test some symptoms of infertility can be ruled out, and if it is in perfect condition, the sperm is analyzed.
- Sperm analysis: It is the most important test in terms of efficacy, since it directly studies a semen sample, and has many values that could explain the cause of infertility, the values range from viscosity, mobility, consistency, quantity of sperm.
Hormonal analysis: Hormones are of great importance for the correct production of sperm, as well as its quality and consistency. Testosterone and prolactin are some hormones whose low index reveals deficiencies in the genetic material. If
the complication continues and pregnancy is not achieved, more in-depth tests are carried out than the doctor will diagnose. In the case of men, if you only want to know if you are fertile, a spermiogram will be enough.
There are also people who have all the tests in perfect condition, and yet they are not fertile, the cause is still unknown, but it is very unlikely that this will happen, and it may be due to a problem with the couple.
In case it is diagnosed as infertility, there are many methods that can correct the alteration, and if they do not work. Assisted reproductive techniques are made to help this floating population that has every right to live the experience that parenting offers.
We invite you to schedule a FREE consultation with our CELAGEM fertility and reproduction clinic to resolve your doubts regarding fertility issues.