Menopause and Fertility
The term of Menopause understands the moment in which a woman stops having periods and consequently stops being fertile. It usually occurs naturally between the ages of 40 and 50 and starts when the ovaries stop producing hormones known as estrogens and progesterones.
A woman is considered to reach menopause, at the time when she does not have menstrual periods for a whole year.
There are symptoms and changes that are noticed, even years before this occurs, which can be:
- Changes in the period begin, they can become more durable, or on the contrary last less.
- Suffering night sweats.
- Having difficulty falling asleep.
- Vaginal dryness
- Trouble concentrating.
- Hair loss and increased growth in facial hair.
- Continuous mood swings.
Menopause consists of three periods, which are:
It is the reproductive period before menopause.
It is the moment where biological and clinical changes begin, which indicate that menopause is approaching.
Postmenopause is considered to start at the time of the last menstruation.
Menopause is a completely natural process, which indicates that we will no longer be able to have children naturally.
However, this is no longer an impediment for those women or couples seeking pregnancy; Thanks to scientific advances, there are ways to have a completely healthy child, in addition to not going through any risk to your health.
Fertility is the opposite of menopause, this state of reproductive health is our ability to conceive a child naturally, it occurs when the sperm fertilizes the ovum in the fallopian tubes, beginning its journey to the uterus and formation of the fetus.
Fertility in the vast majority of cases is in perfect condition, both in young men and women, but due to different circumstances, there is a small number of people who have infertility.
For women, fertility is linked to age, after age 40, their fertility capacity will decrease by 50% or more, depending on some factors, culminating by nature in a state of menopause, where they will no longer be fertile.
Men, unlike women, have a higher fertility rate, although this rate is also linked to age. What affects your fertility capacity the most is the lifestyle you have or have led, having a healthy lifestyle significantly increases your fertility levels.
How can we determine fertility?
In order to determine fertility, different tests, examinations and verify the capacity of your sexual organs must be carried out, with this information the specialist will be able to give you accurate information.
In women, a medical history will be taken to study different factors, such as medical history, menstrual cycles, alcohol consumption, tobacco or drug use. Together, hormonal studies and tests are carried out in the uterus to check that there are no fibroids, endometriosis or obstructions of the fallopian tubes.
In men, a test is carried out on the quality of their sperm, through what is known as a spermogram, which measures the movements of the sperm and the quantity, with this information, the quality of the sperm will be known.
It is essential to lead a healthy lifestyle, away from alcohol, smoking and sedentary lifestyle, these factors influence the quality of your fertility, even affecting the development of your baby. Depending on these factors, they can ensure healthy growth and development for your baby.