Polycystic ovary syndrome
When we talk about the polycystic ovary syndrome known as (PCOS), we are dealing with a syndrome with a higher probability in reproductive ages of the female sex, that is, between 20 and 35 years. And so far, that is the most accurate data, however, there is no clear context, of the reason why this syndrome originates.For this syndrome, the most important thing is the timely diagnosis, together with the treatment to be carried out, with this we can minimize the risk factors that can affect our health in the future.
It is considered as a disorder that affects hormones, the consequence of this is seen in the growth of the ovaries, which will not have a normal development but on the contrary, they will have a much larger size and several cysts will begin to sprout in the surroundings .
Its main symptoms are irregular ovulation, in which there may be a lack of periods for several months, or also periods with more intense bleeding than normal, you will notice that hair growth is excessive and you will notice an increase in acne.Even though it is a syndrome with no clear evolution or origin, it is known that certain factors are linked to this syndrome:
- Heredity is one of the factors, this means that there are some genes that are correlated with the syndrome, so it can be inherited.
- Inflammation, based on various studies that conclude that women who suffer from polycystic ovary syndrome, have a slight or mild inflammation which causes the polycystic ovaries to produce androgens, these can generate heart problems.
- Excess insulin, this substance is responsible for making our body use sugar for energy, in the case of those with polycystic syndrome, they have high levels of insulin, increasing the production of androgens and a consequence of this is that there are problems when ovulating, so the mature eggs will not be released.
How to identify rapid polycystic ovary syndrome?
There are different symptoms which can help us identify polycystic ovary syndrome, these signs and symptoms are formed in the stages of puberty or in the first months of menstruation, but of course, there are some cases where this condition occurs more go ahead, but it's not very common.
The specialist performs different tests and studies, evaluating your state of health and recognizing the symptoms you may have.
There are three strong signs linked to the syndrome, if you have two of the three symptoms presented below, you will be diagnosed and treated:
At the moment when the ovaries change in size becoming larger. Around them, follicles begin to form and contain, the end result is that the ovaries will not work properly and progressively, they will stop working.
Irregular menstruation periods
It is the most frequent symptom of polycystic ovary syndrome, menstruation can occur in two ways, such as menorrhagia, which are times when menstruation is more abundant than usual or, on the contrary, having only up to 8 or 9 menstrual periods, throughout the anus
Androgen hormone in large amounts
Being a male hormone, its main signs are the growth of hair on the body, known as hirsutism, also facial hair and there are other registered cases, where baldness with masculine patterns occurs, and acne.
With having or presenting two of these three symptoms, you have a very high probability of having polycystic ovary syndrome, so an early check-up is vitally important. For most cases, the symptoms tend to be more impactful if you are obese.
Therefore, the specialist will recommend you perform the following tests in order to have a complete picture:
- Blood test : It is carried out with the purpose of measuring the current levels of your hormones, in order to see what the amount of androgens is and to be able to determine if there are possible abnormalities due to this.
- Pelvic exam: It is to manually and visually check the state of the reproductive organs, abnormalities, lumps, irregular enlargements and tumors can be detected.
- Ultrasound : It is a necessary test to see how the eggs are, and all the other internal organs, so it is a sure way for the specialist to make a complete diagnosis.
How is polycystic ovary syndrome treated?
Although polycystic ovary syndrome does not have a cure, there are several ways to treat it, reducing all its risks and health problems, to the point where it can be controlled, without suffering any of the symptoms that this syndrome generates.
To achieve this, you must follow the recommendations that your specialist will give you, to begin, you must start with changes in lifestyle, the first and essential thing is your weight, a low-calorie diet is the main thing, for two reasons the first is lose weight, in this way the drugs will be more effective giving greater efficacy in their treatment, and losing up to 5% of your body weight will make you less prone to developing diseases linked to this syndrome.
By having a greater effect of medications, infertility can be counteracted, which is one of the first conditions that polycystic ovary syndrome generates.
There are several medications that you should take in a controlled way, each one will be aimed at helping you reduce the main consequences that polycystic ovary syndrome carries, so there are three aspects divided:
The first aspect that you must keep regular is your menstrual cycle.
The consumption of contraceptive pills is used, which in your favor, will decrease the production of androgens, and as a consequence, the growth of hair and acne will decrease enormously. Another recommended treatment is progesterone therapy, which will protect you and decrease the likelihood of endometrial cancer.
The second aspect is to start ovulating normally.
To correct ovulation, depending on your case, the specialist will recommend taking oral pills such as clomifer, which is an anti estrogen or, on the contrary, using drugs through injection, such as gonadotropin, both help the ovulation process , correcting the problems it may have and granting normal operation.
The last aspect is excess hair growth.There are certain contraceptive pills, which have excellent results for these cases, as well as some creams such as eflornithine, which works by helping to reduce the growth of hair and facial hair.
The important thing in these cases is to diagnose this condition in time, to be able to treat it and thus reduce the consequences of the different risks, so it is necessary to have periodic medical appointments to avoid any inconvenience, we recommend you go to the CELAGEM clinic, which will be able to perform all the relevant tests and help you achieve your dream of a family without major complications.