Steps for an in vitro fertilization
The in vitro fertilization It is one of the assisted reproductive techniques most used by thousands of couples who suffer from some type of infertility. These have a high margin of effectiveness and are divided into different phases for the couple.
Some steps are more complex than others, although the technique is not high-risk, and surgeries that require complete anesthesia are not performed on the patient. This technique is used by both heterosexual people (the majority), and single people. For female homosexuals, the ROPA method is recommended because both women are protagonists of the process. And for the gay couple, because of their natural disability. They need another technique.
This technique consists of inseminating the woman's uterus with already mature embryos for fertilization, this is done for different reasons, among which are:
- Alterations or damage to the fallopian tubes.
- Low mobility of the sperm.
- Genetic disorders
And you must carry a medical certificate that merits the cause of infertility, since they are not methods used in all couples or people without having some natural impossibility. Many times these couples have gone through less complex methods, being IVF the safest way .
Ideally, the couple by traditional methods can achieve pregnancy. However, using IVF is an option designed for this population sector that avoids the use of a third person, which complicates the entire procedure, and the pregnancy is not experienced in one's own body.
The steps of the IVF They are very similar in each clinic, especially because they are regulated by a larger institution that keeps them up to date with changes and the review of the conditions that ensure the effectiveness rates.
Before going through the steps to carry out an IVF, patients must go through a series of examinations, some of them are:
- Ovarian exam: Egg quantity and quality can be examined before starting the ovarian stimulation phase. Analyzing estrogen, which is the hormone responsible for follicular development.
- Spermiogram : It is the study of sperm. Color, texture and consistency are analyzed to determine sperm quality. These can present a certain percentage of immobility, but if it is determined to be null, we proceed to treat with the ICSI method, where the sperm are introduced directly into the ovum with a microadjug.
- Infectious diseases: Various diseases could be avoided if they are known in advance, therefore tests are carried out prior to in vitro fertilization.
- Embryo transfer test: The uterine cavity and the conditions for its subsequent insemination are evaluated. Also the ideal technique for the shape and a complete uterine examination.
After the previous exams, the couple or person can start the in vitro fertilization program. In some cases the couple does not achieve pregnancy on the first attempt, and must be reprogrammed. It is advisable to establish all doubts with the doctor before starting the technique.
In vitro fertilization techniques can be broken down into the following steps:
Evaluation of patients:
In addition to the aforementioned pre-tests, future parents go through psychological tests to examine their mental health.
A calendar of hormonal medications is established, so that the patient develops more oocytes in her menstrual cycle, which must be regulated by the doctor in charge. In most cases the woman releases an ovum by menstruation, that is why in the stimulation they seek to increase the quantity and quality.
When the eggs are mature, they are extracted, this phase does not last more than 15 minutes, and the patient does not need anesthesia.
With the genetic material of the patients, previously studied and classified, they are fertilized "in vitro". Developing embryos with a high capacity to implant and complete the beginning of a successful pregnancy.
The patient's uterus is inseminated with the embryos. As in follicular puncture, you do not need anesthesia as it does not cause pain, just a little discomfort. This phase also does not last more than 15 minutes. After the transfer, the patient must stay for half an hour before resuming her daily activity.
At 14 or 15 days, a pregnancy test is carried out, verifying that the patient achieved the procedure. If not, the cause should be investigated before making another attempt.
When performing the follicular puncture, some eggs are not used in the process and can be frozen or donated to the chosen center, it will depend on the family planning that the future parents have.
After these processes, the gestation phase occurs in the same way as a pregnant woman under normal conditions. Achieving pregnancy in your own body. Being the beginning of a long life full of experiences and great family moments.