In vitro fertilization
In vitro fertilization is the process of fertilizing an egg and sperm outside the uterus in a laboratory, with this seeking to obtain already fertilized embryos that can develop in a maternal uterus until pregnancy is achieved.
Our main goal is to make the illusions of our patients a reality; each case is different, that is why at Celagem we seek to give you a special and personalized treatment, always looking for your well-being and guaranteeing to achieve the pregnancy. Our team of medical professionals will help you determine the most appropriate technique for your case, we understand your reality.
What are the most appropriate cases?
- Patients who have had an artificial insemination treatment.
- Women with some loss or injury to their fallopian tubes, in which the natural fertilization process occurs.
- Women with advanced endometriosis which has consequences for the tubes as well as their oocyte quality.
- Limited number of oocytes and poor quality of them.
- Patients with low sperm quality.
- Failed fertilization process with couple semen.
- Poor quality in embryos with suspected male factor as the main cause.
- Men who carry a genetic disease that cannot be studied in the embryo.
- Women who want to be single mothers.
How is the IVF process performed?
It’s time for the oocyte stab
In order for the patient not to feel any discomfort, this procedure is performed in the operating room under sedation and is only done after checking that the follicles and endometrium are at the right time and there are an adequate number of eggs , a final injection of the HCG hormone is given which allows oocyte maturation to occur in the same way as in a natural ovulation cycle. This procedure lasts approximately 15 minutes. At the end, the patient can rest a little and can go home waiting for our call where we inform them of the result of extraction and fertilization.
It’s fertilisation time
This process occurs once we have the eggs and sperm obtained through a semen sample by the partner or a donor. And it is given either through conventional InVitro Fecundation or by ICSI technique in which a living sperm is inserted with the help of a pipette inside the egg.
At Celagem we are interested in the well-being of our patients so we are very aware of how it feels after the puncture.
Embryonic culture in the laboratory
The result of fertilization results in embryos, which are observed in our laboratory daily, so they will be classified according to morphology and divisional capacity. Some embryos may become blocked during their development, considered to be non-optimal and will be discarded.
At Celagem we have time-lapse technology which allows us to have a more detailed track of the development and absolute of the embryos.
In this way we determine according to their quality and development which are the best embryos to transfer to the uterus and wait for them to be implanted and pregnancy is achieved. This process is called transfer, which is performed in the operating room without sedation since it does not produce pain and at the end the patient is informed of the date of completion of the pregnancy test.
In Vitro treatment is performed in our clinic and lasts between 9 and 14 days, depending on the protocol used and the speed of response of each patient. During the same, between 3 and 4 follow-up ultrasounds are performed and certain hormones are measured in the blood to verify that the growth and evolution of the follicles is adequate throughout the process.
Success is in complying with the injection indications, which should always be applied at the same time every day, until the stipulated date of treatment is met.
What about the remaining embryos?
In order to be able to use the good quality embryos not transferred in a later cycle and without the need for a new ovarian stimulation, the vitrification of the embryos is carried out, which can be used if you want to try again to have a child.