More and more couples or people are familiar with this terminology, as modern societies have managed to adapt other ways of living as a family. Nevertheless What is surrogacy and what is it used for?
Surrogacy is defined as a fully assisted reproductive technique, it is a medical treatment that is proposed to those couples who suffer from infertility or problems in carrying their own child. This surrogacy technique has managed to separate reproduction from sexuality.
Surrogacy is characterized by the intervention of a third person. This third space is that of a woman different from the one who would be the legal mother of the baby, in a totally altruistic or voluntary way, and thanks to her it is possible that the pregnancy can be aroused.
This surrogacy technique is granted when the couple goes to an agency or a specialist doctor, and these authorities certify that otherwise it is impossible for the couple to achieve pregnancy.
Surrogacy is the only assisted technique that allows the child to have the genetic determining factor of the couple. Unlike adoption, with this method, the couple is present during those important and first nine months of the child and on the other hand, there will really be that genetic link between the biological parents and the baby.
In surrogacy we understand by biological parents, the parents who provide the gametes or sex cells for fertilization, that is, the contribution of the female gametes are called ovules, and on the other hand, the male gametes are called sperm.
This Surrogacy process is accompanied by psychological support, medical and expert lawyers; Since being an assisted process, the maximum support of authentic professionals is required
What are the treatments for this surrogacy technique?
Assisted reproductive techniques in surrogacy are intended to provide a solution to couples who have some reproductive or fertility problems, it can also be aimed at those who are without a partner.
Artificial Insemination Technique
Artificial insemination consists of depositing a sample of the male gamete in the woman's uterine cavity, so that the fertilization and implantation process is completed, starting with the movement of the sperm towards the fallopian tubes, where finally an entrance is obtained in the uterus, this process is the most similar to the natural biological process, to give rise to pregnancy pregnancy. During this process, hormonal treatment may also be involved in order to control ovulation times in conjunction with insemination.
In vitro fertilization
In vitro fertilization consists of the extraction of the female gametes from the ovary, through follicular puncture, in this way, in a laboratory, fertilization is carried out, this process lasts approximately five days since it is maintained in the phase of culture. After carrying out this phase, the embryo transfer is carried out, as a result of the culture, where it is finally deposited in the uterus of the woman awaiting pregnancy.
What are the types of Surrogacy?
This process can be channeled through various methods that are specified depending on the case or the pathology that the couple presents, as well as the mother who provides the womb and the monetary availability that the couple has for said process.
- The first case is when it is done in a Traditional , this type was the first to be performed in history, from centuries past. In this case, the gestational mother brings her own egg. In this way, the father of the baby must be the donor of his sperm. The traditional way can be done by artificial insemination or in vitro fertilization
- The second case is when it is done in a Total or Complete In these cases, the pregnant woman does not have any biological link with the baby, this type is the one that results in the legal field, the most convenient. For this type, the intended mother must provide the eggs and the father his sperm, or on the other hand, it is also necessary to proceed when any of the gametes belong to a donor. This complete form can be carried out by in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer to the pregnant woman.
From an economic point of view, we can also consider the existence of two more referrals that are involved in surrogacy:
3. The third case is known as Altruistic Surrogacy This case occurs when the pregnant woman does not request any type of remuneration for the agreement or contract. However, the expenses caused by the pregnancy, the medical and the legal are maintained, therefore, these must be fully assumed by the intended parents.
4. The fourth case is the least approved worldwide due to the disputes that are generated within this context, in this agreement the pregnant woman demands remuneration or financial compensation for the physical and emotional effort that she must make during pregnancy.
If you want to perform these surrogacy techniques, to attack some fertility problems, it is necessary that you go to a professional center that offers you high quality care. Finding a agency or medical center to carry out this process, you will get advice and detailed information that will be useful when performing any of these procedures.