What treatments are there for gay couples?
Homosexual couples are one of the groups that make up the current classification of family types. This group's name is homoparental families, and as a result of its multiple manifestations, they have managed to defend their rights and be included in national legislation.
Some countries are still against these laws, however people with these inclinations can choose destinations where their rights are validated.
This is the case with family planning. Every couple at a time, discusses about the future direction they want, and growing the family is an extremely important point.
There are several ways that this population can become parents, something that was unthinkable in previous decades. Depending on whether the couple is of the same female or male sex, each one has methods that must be consulted with the doctor or the legislation of the country of origin.
In the case of women, the techniques that contribute to their family planning are:
ROPA method (reception of oocytes from the couple)
It is the best technique in terms of inclusion of the couple, each providing mature oocytes that will be implanted and gestated by one of the women . These oocytes are extracted from one or both women, depending on the choice or quality of the genetic material evaluated. Then they proceed to fertilization with a sperm donor. This is chosen in the assisted reproduction center, complying with the physical compatibility, evaluated with the previous exams.
Intrauterine or artificial insemination (AI)
It is considered a low complexity method, being less costly than the ROPA method. It consists of inseminating the woman's uterus with the genetic material from a semen bank. This is chosen under a series of previous examinations, where it stands out:
- Blood compatibility.
- Phenotypic characteristics (Physical relationship).
- Possible illnesses.
- Family history .
It is important to choose who will be the pregnant woman, where the health conditions in each one are evaluated. Similarly, if they are on the same level. The choice will be left to you.
In vitro fertilization (IVF)
This technique is highly complex and will only be used if both people have an alteration that prevents them from inseminating the uterus with the previous options. This t technique is based on extracting the ovum and fertilizing it in the laboratory using micro-needles . Forming embryos with a high probability of success.
This technique can be modified in the event that both people are infertile, (it is very unlikely) being a third, the one that would carry the pregnancy to term.
To make use of these techniques, assisted reproduction centers require that the couple find economic stability that allows them to provide the child with a consistent quality of life.
It is important to contact an agency that provides trust and security . Couples who choose one of these methods must go through a series of psychological and medical evaluations that ensure the successful development of the program. This is due to the regularization of techniques in many countries, as it is a new way of forming families of people of the same sex.
These named techniques are used by couples who want to transmit a part of the genetic material to their child, being a dream among thousands of couples who every day strive to recognize their value in society.
In the case of men, due to their natural disability, it is essential that assisted reproduction techniques be consolidated with a woman who offers to carry the pregnancy. That is why the only technique that meets these characteristics is surrogacy.
It is the only method that allows the couple to provide sperm together or individually, depending on the choice or the results of the spermiogram.
Later, they will be fertilized with the ovum selected from a bank of genetic material. (It tends not to be the same as that of the surrogate mother, to avoid an affectionate bond) The pregnant woman generally has no relationship with the intended parents. And all the middle man is handled by the surrogacy center as well as the legal process.
This Process can be both in the country of residence and abroad. In these cases, the legal procedures can become a little more complicated, and the included travel expenses must also be estimated.
These assisted reproductive techniques do not include adoption or co-parenting. They are techniques where the couple can be involved and be an active part of the process, which would culminate in the new arrival of the child at home.