All women from birth, have an approximate of one million eggs (or oocytes), this amount should be the necessary for the sperm to be able to fertilize at least one of them, thus achieving a successful pregnancy. However, over the years, these unfertilized eggs will gradually dissipate; a natural result in any woman here we tell you everything you need to know about freezing your eggs.
At the time of the first menstruation, approximately 400,000 oocytes will remain in women, and in the course of consecutive losses, at the age of 35 there may be a limited number of 25,000 oocytes. Since the rest of the oocytes entered follicular atresia (decomposition of the ovarian follicles).
As the age of the woman advances and the appointment for maternity is postponed, the chances of achieving a pregnancy begin to decre
ase. This concern usually begins after the age of 33, since there are many studies that indicate the existence of a change abrupt in all women, with the age of 35 years or more. This change consists in the fact that the oocytes lose valuable quantity and quality, so that more than 80% of the woman's natural capacity to gestate and the eggs themselves can be lost.
For this reason, there are many women who are informed about the solutions in this scenario, which allow them to continue without worry or haste, their dream of becoming pregnant. If you already attend a specialist medical center, and the results are positive, that is, there are no current complications for a pregnancy, then the best option and solution to this aspect is definitely to freeze your eggs, to prevent any impediment in the future.
What is the treatment to freeze my eggs?
The freezing of the ovules or cryopreservation, has the objective of storing ovules at a productive and convenient age, so that the same extracted at present, are used in the future in order to achieve a successful fertilization.
The quality of this treatment is undeniable and recommended, since the quality of a frozen ovum before the age of 32 is not the same as that of a natural ovum at 38 or 40 years of age, the frozen ovum being the best remedy for this problem.
The minimum age to carry out this cryopreservation process does not exist, the ideal is for the woman to freeze her eggs before the age of 30, on the other hand, taking into consideration that the least recommended age of the cases would be after 35 years, because the effectiveness is lower
You can consider this method of reproductive assistance if you have any of these scenarios:
- There is some disorder
- Sickle cell anemia
- Auto immune diseases
- Gender and sexual diversity
- Diseases that may affect pregnancy capacity such as cancer (chemotherapies and radiation)
- Cancer surgeries or treatments
- In vitro fertilization processes
- Old age with no intention of having children at the moment.
Taking these factors into account, you can go to the specialist medical center to make the request for this treatment, where they will provide you with advice and detailed information on everything that this assisted reproduction methodology involves.
Women who freeze their eggs must verify and sign some documents that specify the purpose of those frozen eggs, and must also be aware of the control over them.
The method to freeze the eggs is not individual, but rather they are extracted in cohorts, for this reason, the woman must previously undergo hormonal stimulation treatment, which allows obtaining mature oocytes, in a much more feasible way.
The process to freeze the eggs, nowadays is more efficient, it consists of the vitrification method, which is much more effective and less abrasive, in this way, the oocytes can be frozen without ice forming. This process allows the eggs to remain frozen indefinitely without the passing of the years affecting their quality in any way.
Special care and procedure?
During this process, there is no particular care, only to reduce physical activities that are intense, a healthy lifestyle and a balanced diet is also recommended and expected from the patient.The
process is totally perfectly similar to that of in vitro fertilization, prescribing the patient an ovarian stimulation for approximately two weeks, with weekly controls and blood tests. Then we proceed with a painless treatment, which includes a general anesthesia, called puncture, which allows the ovules to be carefully obtained, at that precise moment of extraction, they proceed with their vitrification.
These frozen eggs are used to conceive a biological child, either with the semen of the couple or of an anonymous or known sperm donor. In the event that the woman has difficulties in carrying the baby's pregnancy, there must be an exam that certifies or demonstrates it, so the reproductive care center can advise her on a process of gestational surrogacy.
This is a process that results from fertilizing your thawed eggs. From this group, it is expected to obtain at least one pair of quality embryos, which will be transferred to another woman, responsible for the gestation of the child.