Female infertility, what is it? Causes, symptoms and treatments.

Female infertility is the inability to conceive pregnancy due to problems directly related to the woman.

The causes of infertility in women can be due to various factors such as:

  • Problems in the production of eggs (This is due to failures in the endocrine system which can cause a lack of ovulation, as well as ovulation at unexpected times or deficiency in ovarian production).
  • Abnormalities in the fallopian tubes (This is due to obstruction in both fallopian tubes, the place of the reproductive system where fertilization occurs) or alteration in the motility of the tubes.
  • Cervical factor (This is due to obstructions in the form of polyps or fibroids in the neck of the uterus or cervix, the area through which the spermatozoa must pass in search of the ovum or some infection at the cervical level).
  • Uterine disorders (either for example uterine malformations, fibromatosis and endometritis).

Fertility problems due to age

Time has a negative influence on a woman's fertility, the best conditions are from 16 to 35 years old. As a woman ages, her ovarian reserve and the quality of her eggs decrease.

psychological factor

Mood plays a fundamental role in reproductive capacity. It is advisable to lower stress levels.


There are a large number of factors due to which the symptoms of infertility in women will be notable or not, that is, there may be cases in which the woman is not aware of her infertility until tests related to fertility are carried out; some of these symptoms are for example: in the case of an endocrine factor, menstrual irregularities; or in the case of obstruction in the troops, pain or discomfort.
However, there is a great variety of symptoms, so it is recommended not to wait to feel pain and to carry out the established gynecological consultations for prevention.

In order to assign a correct treatment, it is necessary to identify, through diagnostic tests, the infertility factor suffered by the woman.
These treatments range from Scheduled Coitus, for mild infertility cases; artificial insemination, for young women with good quality sperm from the partner; until in vitro fertilization , for more serious cases of infertility.

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What is female infertility?