Assisted reproductive techniques
Assisted reproduction techniques are used only in cases where the couple, using less complicated methods and without the need for external help other than hormonal treatments, can achieve the gestation of the child until its birth.
The type of assisted reproductive technique that the doctor will choose for the couple will depend on the fertility they have, since each one is linked to a unique diagnosis. While the case of infertility is more severe, assisted reproduction will be more linked in the process. Examining and making the advances that commonly develop in the uterine apparatus.
Lack of fertility occurs for various reasons, both in men and women. And it is very common to find out when family planning is put into practice without success. If the woman regularly resorts to the gynecologist, she can find out much earlier if she presents any alteration that later becomes part of the process to get pregnant without unexpected surprises.
As long as the couple has high levels of fertility, the chances of using an assisted reproductive technique are nonexistent. It can also develop the case where the couple was fertile at a time and for some specific reason, stops being so. A hormonal variation, lifestyle or age, can be some causes that experience a decrease in fertility in the couple.
Assisted reproduction and fertility
Fertility is the ability to conceive a child, this may or may not be supported by a treatment that fertilizes the egg with sperm and develops an embryo. In couples seeking to have children, doctors analyze the patient and indicate the days when her fertility is at its highest.
At ovulation, women tend to discharge more hormones into the ovaries, where it develops and is subsequently expelled. On their way through the fallopian tubes they meet sperm, and the pregnancy in most cases is successful. If it reaches the uterus and the encounter did not occur, menstruation occurs.
When menstruation is constant, the doctor can determine a calendar that is observed the days of greatest fertility, and in the case of women with imbalances. There are medications that help to normalize the delays an
d it is one of the first recommendations that doctors put to the test. If the desired pregnancy does not occur later, assisted reproductive techniques are the mechanisms that ensure success. Similarly, each couple has a different eventuality and the ideal is to go to the doctor who will evaluate the case.
The fertility of the couple helps to a great extent to assisted reproduction, because from there the bases that will suppose the most appropriate technique are analyzed, or if it is not necessary to resort to these.
To know the fertility at a certain time, different tests are performed. In the case of the woman, a checkup of her menstrual period begins, examinations in the uterus or obstruction in the tubes, ultrasound examinations may also be included. For the man with a spermiogram, the conditions of quantity and quality are observed. A review of the sperm ducts may also be included.
The diagnosis of some type of infertility, shows that due to some alteration in the different processes that pregnancy shares place, there is a factor that prevents the correct development of the same. From a blockage in the channels, to problems in the genetic material. All this conglomerate of alterations has repercussions in what we call infertility.
In the event that the genetic material is the cause of infertility and there is no way to increase the capacity for success, the pregnancy is carried out with material from a third party. In assisted reproduction centers, they are linked to donation banks, where all tests are carried out to verify that there are no hereditary diseases.
Doctors tend to carry out compatibility tests so that the child does not feel left out in the future due to physical differences. Since the genetic material is responsible for the traits in him baby. The couple can also bring the egg or sperm donor, and it will be extracted in case of checking their health.
In some assisted reproductive techniques, the patient is ovarian stimulated to control the process and quantity of oocytes, and if the couple prefers, those that were not used are frozen for the future, or donated to the center to be used in couples who do so. need.
The doctor is in charge of choosing the one that gives the most probability of success, since there may be the case that a couple can use two techniques, generating the same probability of effective pregnancy.
As a last resort, if by these methods the woman cannot gestate or the uterine cavity does not present the optimal conditions. Surrogacy is recommended as a last option. Being a restricted practice in several countries, due to the legal processes that need to be restructured. Being a third party who carries the pregnancy to term, with genetic material from the intended parents.