ืฉื™ื˜ืช ROPA

ืจื•ืฆื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื—ืœืง ืžื”ื“ื’ืžื™ื ื”ืžืฉืคื—ืชื™ื™ื ื”ื—ื“ืฉื™ื? ืื ืืชื” ื•ื‘ืŸ ื–ื•ื’ืš ื™ืฆื™ื‘ื™ื ื•ืžื—ืœื™ื˜ื™ื ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืืช ื”ืฆืขื“ ืฉืœ ืœื”ื‘ื™ื ื™ืœื“ื™ื ืžืฉืœื”ื, ืืชื” ื‘ืžืงื•ื ื”ื ื›ื•ืŸ, ืื ืฉื ื™ื”ื ื ืฉื™ื, ื‘ื•ื•ื“ืื™ ื›ื‘ืจ ืฉืžืขืชื ืขืœ ื˜ื›ื ื™ืงืช ื”ืจื‘ื™ื™ื” ื”ืžืกื™ื™ืขืช ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืœืกื‘ื™ื•ืช, ืฉื™ื˜ืช ROPA.

ืžื”ื™ ืฉื™ื˜ืช ROPA?

ืฉื™ื˜ืช ื”ืœื‘ื•ืฉ ืื• ื”ืžื›ื•ื ื” ื’ื ื‘ืจืืฉื™ ื”ืชื™ื‘ื•ืช ืฉืœื”, ื›ืงืœื™ื˜ื” ืฉืœ ื‘ื™ืฆื™ื•ืช ืžื‘ื ื™ ื”ื–ื•ื’, ื”ื™ื ืื—ืช ื”ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ื”ื—ื“ืฉื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœื ื• ื”ืžื™ื•ืขื“ืช ืœืื•ืชื ื–ื•ื’ื•ืช ื”ื•ืžื•-ื”ื•ืจื™ื ืžื”ืžื™ืŸ ื”ื ืฉื™. ื”ื•ื“ื•ืช ืœืฉื™ื˜ื” ื–ื• ื”ืฆืœื—ื ื• ืœืฉืœื‘ ืืช ืฉืชื™ ื”ื ืฉื™ื ื‘ืชื”ืœื™ืš ื”ืื™ืžื”ื•ืช.

ื–ื•ื”ื™ ืฉื™ื˜ื” ื™ืขื™ืœื” ื•ื‘ื˜ื•ื—ื” ืœื—ืœื•ื˜ื™ืŸ, ืฉืชืขื ื™ืง ื‘ื™ื˜ื—ื•ืŸ ื•ื—ื•ืคืฉ ืจื‘ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœื‘ื ื™ ื”ื–ื•ื’ ืœืื•ืจืš ื”ืชื”ืœื™ืš, ื•ืชืืคืฉืจ ืกื™ืคื•ืง ื›ืคื•ืœ, ืฉื›ืŸ ืขืœ ืฉื ื™ื”ื ืœื”ืฉืชืชืฃ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืฉื™ื’ ืืช ื”ื”ืจื™ื•ืŸ ื”ืžื™ื•ื—ืœ. ืื—ืช ื”ื ืฉื™ื ืชื”ื™ื” ื”ืื ื”ื’ื ื˜ื™ืช ื•ืื™ืœื• ื”ืฉื ื™ื™ื” ืชืฉืชืชืฃ ื›ืื ื‘ื”ืจื™ื•ืŸ.

ืฉื™ื˜ืช ROPA ืœื‘ื ื™ ื–ื•ื’

ืฉื™ื˜ืช ROPA ื”ื™ื ื”ืืœื˜ืจื ื˜ื™ื‘ื” ื”ื—ื“ืฉื” ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื–ื•ื’ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื ืฉื™ื , ืฉืจื•ืฆื•ืช ืœื”ืชืžื•ื“ื“ ื™ื—ื“ ืขื ื”ืื™ืžื”ื•ืช, ื™ื”ื™ื• ืกื™ื‘ื•ืชื™ื”ืŸ ืืฉืจ ื™ื”ื™ื•, ื‘ื™ืŸ ืื ืžื‘ื—ื™ืจื” ื•ื‘ื™ืŸ ืื ืžืกื™ื‘ื” ืจืคื•ืื™ืช ื›ืœืฉื”ื™, ื”ืžื•ื ืขืช ืžืื—ืช ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื”ืื ื”ืคื•ื ื“ืงืื™ืช.

ืฉื™ื˜ืช ื”ืœื‘ื•ืฉ ื”ื™ื ืžื”ืžืจื’ืฉื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ, ืฉื›ืŸ ื‘ืžืงืจื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื ื”ื™ื ื ืœืงื—ืช ื‘ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ, ืื ืื—ืช ื”ื ืฉื™ื ื ื›ื ืกืช ืœืžืจืคืื” ืขื ื‘ืขื™ื™ืช ืคื•ืจื™ื•ืช. ืชื•ืš ืฉื™ืžืช ื“ื’ืฉ ืขืœ ื›ืš ืฉื‘ืขื•ื“ ืฉื–ื” ื‘ื™ื“ื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ื‘ืŸ/ื‘ืช ื–ื•ื’ืš ื•ืฉืœ ื”ืžืจืคืื” ืฉืœื ื•, ืื ื• ืขื•ืฉื™ื ื”ื›ืœ ืขืœ ืžื ืช ืœืกืคืง ืืช ื”ืชื ืื™ื ื”ืžื•ืฉืœืžื™ื ืžื”ืกื™ื‘ื” ื”ื ื”ื“ืจืช ื”ื–ื•.

ืื ื‘ืžืกื’ืจืช ื”ื‘ื“ื™ืงื•ืช ืฉืœื ื• ื ื’ืœื” ืฉืื—ืช ืžื”ืฉืชื™ื™ื ืกื•ื‘ืœืช ืžืจื–ืจื‘ื” ืฉื—ืœืชื™ืช ื ืžื•ื›ื”, ืื™ ืกืคื™ืงืช ืฉื—ืœื” ืžื•ืงื“ืžืช, ืžื—ืœื” ืชื•ืจืฉืชื™ืช ื›ืœืฉื”ื™ ืฉื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœื”ืฉืคื™ืข ืขืœ ื”ืฆืืฆืื™ื ืื• ื›ืฉืœ ื›ืœืฉื”ื• ื‘ื˜ื›ื ื™ืงื•ืช ืจื‘ื™ื™ื” ืื—ืจื•ืช, ื ื•ื›ืœ ืœื–ื”ื•ืช ืืช ื”ื‘ืขื™ื” ื•ืœืงื‘ืœ ืืช ื”ื™ื™ืขื•ืฅ ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ. , ืฉื‘ื• ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ืืช ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืขื‘ื•ืจืš ื•ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ืชื™ื ื•ืง ื”ืขืชื™ื“ื™.

madres metodo ropa

ื›ืš ืคื•ืขืœืช ืฉื™ื˜ืช ROPA

ROPA ืžืชืืคืฉืจ ื”ื•ื“ื•ืช ืœื”ื›ืœืœื” ื•ื”ื—ืจื™ื’ ื”ื—ื•ืงื™, ื”ืžืืคืฉืจ ืชืจื•ืžื” ื•ืงืœื™ื˜ื” ืœื ืื ื•ื ื™ืžื™ืช ืฉืœ ื‘ื™ืฆื™ื•ืช, ื•ื‘ื›ืš ื”ื™ื ืงืœื™ื˜ื” ื™ืฉื™ืจื” ืฉืœ ื‘ื™ืฆื™ื•ืช ืžื–ื•ื’ื™ื•ืช ื•ืžื ื™ืฉื•ืื™ื ื”ื•ืžื•ืกืงืกื•ืืœื™ื.

ื”ื“ืจืš ืฉื‘ื” ืฉื™ื˜ื” ื–ื• ืคื•ืขืœืช ื”ื™ื ื’ื ื”ื•ื“ื•ืช ืœื”ืชืงื“ืžื•ืช ืžื“ืขื™ืช, ืžื›ืฉื•ืจ ื˜ื›ื ื™ ื•ื˜ื›ื ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื” ื—ื“ืฉื” ืฉื”ืžืจืคืื” ืจื•ื›ืฉืช ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืชื•ื›ื ื™ื•ืช ืžืกื•ื’ ื–ื”. ืžื” ืฉื—ืฉื•ื‘ ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ื”ื–ื” ื”ื•ื ืฉื”ื”ืฉืชืชืคื•ืช ืฉืœ ืฉืชื™ ื”ื ืฉื™ื ืžื•ืจื›ื‘ืช ืžืฉื ื™ ืชืคืงื™ื“ื™ื ื‘ืกื™ืกื™ื™ื.

ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ื’ื™ืจื•ื™ ืฉื—ืœืชื™, ื™ื”ื™ื” ืœื ื• ืชืคืงื™ื“ ืฉืœ ืื—ืช ื”ื ืฉื™ื ื› ืืžื ื’ื ื˜ื™ืช .

ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœื™ื ืชืจื•ืคืชื™ื™ื ื™ืกื•ื ื›ืจืŸ ื”ืžื—ื–ื•ืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืื™ืฉื” ื”ืžืงื‘ืœืช ื›ืš ืฉืชื•ื›ืœ ืœืงื‘ืœ ืœืจื—ืžื”, ืชื•ืฆืจ ืขื•ื‘ืจื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืคืจื™ื” ื—ื•ืฅ ื’ื•ืคื™ืช, ืœืคืชื— ื•ืœื‘ืฆืข ืืช ื”ึตืจึธื™ื•ึนืŸ .

ื›ืคื™ ืฉื”ื–ื›ืจื ื• ืงื•ื“ื, ื”ืชืคืงื™ื“ื™ื ืฉืœ ื›ืœ ืื , ื™ื•ืžืœืฆื• ืื• ื™ื™ื ืชื ื• ืœื”ื ืคื™ืงื•ื— ืขืœ ืคื™ ื”ืชื•ืฆืื•ืช ืฉื”ื ืžืฆื™ื’ื™ื, ื™ืฆื•ื™ื ื• ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืžื•ืžื—ื” ื•ืžืฆื“ ืฉื ื™, ืื ืฉื ื™ื”ื ื—ื™ื•ื‘ื™ื™ื, ื–ื” ื™ื”ื™ื” ืชืœื•ื™ ื‘ื›ืœ ืื—ื“, ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ืคื’ื™ืฉื” ื”ืงื•ื“ืžืช.

ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืžืชื‘ืฆืขืช ืฉื™ื˜ืช ROPA?

ืชื”ืœื™ืš ื‘ื™ืฆื•ืข ื”ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ื‘ืฉื™ื˜ืช ROPA ื“ื•ืžื” ืœื–ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืคืจื™ื” ื—ื•ืฅ ื’ื•ืคื™ืช, ื•ื™ื•ืจื›ื‘ ืžืฉื‘ืขื” ืฉืœื‘ื™ื ื‘ืกื™ืกื™ื™ื:

ื’ื™ืจื•ื™ ืฉื—ืœืชื™:

ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ื‘ืชืจื•ืคื•ืช ื”ื•ืจืžื•ื ืœื™ื•ืช, ืขืœ ื”ืื ื”ื’ื ื˜ื™ืช ืœืขื‘ื•ืจ ืชื”ืœื™ืš ื’ื™ืจื•ื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืฉื—ืœื•ืช, ืฉื ื™ืชืงื‘ืœ ืžืกืคืจ ืœื ืžื‘ื•ื˜ืœ ืฉืœ ื‘ื™ืฆื™ื•ืช.

ื ื™ืงื•ืจ ื–ืงื™ืงื™ื:

ื›ืืฉืจ ืžื›ื™ื ื™ื ืืช ื”ื–ืงื™ืงื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืื ื”ื’ื ื˜ื™ืช, ื™ื™ื ืชืŸ ื”ื•ืจืžื•ืŸ ืฉื™ื’ืจื•ื ืœื”ื‘ืฉืœื” ืฉืœ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžื‘ื™ืฆื™ืช ืื—ืช. ืœืื—ืจ ืžื›ืŸ ื ืžืฉื™ืš ืขื ืฉืื™ื‘ืช ื”ื‘ื™ืฆื™ื•ืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื ื™ืงื•ืจ ื–ืงื™ืงื™ื, ื˜ื›ื ื™ืงืช ื—ื•ืฅ ื‘ื”ืจื’ืขื”.

ื”ึทืคืจึธื™ึธื”:

ื”ืคืจื™ื™ืช ืžืขื‘ื“ื” (IVF) ืžืชื‘ืฆืขืช ืขื ื”ื–ืจืข ืฉืœ ื”ืชื•ืจื ื”ืื ื•ื ื™ืžื™ ืฉื ื‘ื—ืจ, ื–ื” ื™ืขืžื•ื“ ื‘ืขื‘ืจ ื‘ื”ืขืจื›ื” ืงืคื“ื ื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ื”ืชืืžื” ืื• ื”ืชืื™ืžื•ืช.

ืชืจื‘ื•ืช ืขื•ื‘ืจื™ื:

ื”ืขื•ื‘ืจื™ื ื™ืชื•ืจื‘ื• ืœืคื—ื•ืช ืฉืœื•ืฉื” ืื• 7 ื™ืžื™ื ืขื“ ืœื”ืขื‘ืจืชื.

ื”ื›ื ื” ืœืจื™ืจื™ืช ื”ืจื—ื:

ื‘ืžืงื‘ื™ืœ, ื”ืื ื”ื”ืจื” ืชืงื‘ืœ ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ื”ื•ืจืžื•ื ืœื™ ืื—ืจ, ืžืชืŸ ืคืจื•ื’ืกื˜ืจื•ืŸ ื•ืืกื˜ืจื•ื’ื ื™ื ืฉื™ืืคืฉืจื• ื ืคื— ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ืจื™ืจื™ืช ื”ืจื—ื, ื›ืš ืฉื™ืชืื™ื ืœื”ืฉืชืœื”.

ืœึฐื”ึทืขึฒื‘ึดื™ืจ:

ื›ืืฉืจ ืจื™ืจื™ืช ื”ืจื—ื ืฉืœ ื”ืื ื”ื”ืจื” ืžื•ื›ื ื”, ื‘ืชื”ืœื™ืš ืœืœื ื›ืื‘ื™ื ื•ืžื”ื™ืจ, ื”ืขื•ื‘ืจ ื™ื•ืขื‘ืจ ืœืจื—ืžื”. ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ, ืžืžืฉื™ื›ื™ื ืขื ืขื•ื‘ืจ ื‘ื•ื“ื“ ื‘ืื™ื›ื•ืช ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ, ืฉื›ืŸ ืฉื™ืขื•ืจ ื”ื”ืฆืœื—ื” ืฉืœ ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ื–ื” ื”ื•ื ื“ื™ ื’ื‘ื•ื”.

ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ื”ืจื™ื•ืŸ:

ืœืื—ืจ ื›ืฉื‘ื•ืขื™ื™ื ืžืชื‘ืฆืขืช ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ื“ื ืœืงื‘ื™ืขืช ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืชื• ืฉืœ ื”ื•ืจืžื•ืŸ BetaHCG, ื”ื•ืจืžื•ืŸ ืฉื‘ื”ื—ืœื˜ ื™ืืฉืจ ืืช ื”ืฆืœื—ืช ื”ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ื•ืืช ื”ืžืกืข ื”ื—ื“ืฉ ืฉืขื•ืžื“ืช ืœืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ืžืฉืคื—ื” ื”ื—ื“ืฉื”.

ื’ื ื˜ื™ืงื”-ื“ื•ืžื” ืœืืžื”ื•ืช

ืื ื”ืชื•ืฆืื” ื—ื™ื•ื‘ื™ืช, ืฉืชื™ ื”ืืžื”ื•ืช ืขื•ืœื•ืช ืฉืืœื” ื—ื“ืฉื”, ืœืžื™ ื™ืจืื” ื”ืชื™ื ื•ืง?

ืœืขื•ื‘ืจื™ื 46 ื›ืจื•ืžื•ื–ื•ืžื™ื, ื”ื™ื•ืจืฉื™ื 23 ืžื”ืื ื”ื’ื ื˜ื™ืช ื•-23 ืžืชื•ืจื ื”ื–ืจืข, ื”ื“ืžื™ื•ืŸ ื”ืคื™ื–ื™ ืขืฉื•ื™ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืชืœื•ื™ ื‘ ื“ื•ืžื™ื ื ื˜ื™ื•ืช ื’ื ื™ื ืขื ื–ืืช, ื”ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ื›ื‘ืจ ื‘ื—ืจ ื‘ืชื•ืจื ื‘ืขืœ ืžืืคื™ื™ื ื™ื ืชื•ืืžื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื, ื›ืš ืฉื“ืžื™ื•ืŸ ืคื™ื–ื™ ืœื ื™ื”ื•ื•ื” ื‘ืขื™ื”.

ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ, ื™ื“ื™ืขื” ืฉื‘ื”ื—ืœื˜ ืชืื™ืจ ืืช ื”ื™ื•ื ื”ื™ื ืฉื”ืื ื”ื”ืจื” ืชื™ื–ื•ื ืชืงืฉื•ืจืช ืžื•ืœืงื•ืœืจื™ืช ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ื”ืจื™ื•ืŸ. ื”ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ื™ื•ืช ื”ื–ื• ืžืคืขื™ืœื” ื•ืžื ื˜ืจืœืช ื›ืžื” ื’ื ื™ื ื”ืžืืคืฉืจื™ื ื“ืžื™ื•ืŸ ืจื‘ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืืฆืœ ืฉื ื™ ื‘ื ื™ ื”ื–ื•ื’.

ื›ืžื” ื–ืžืŸ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืงื—ืช ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ?

ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ื‘ื•ื“ื“, ืžืชื—ื™ืœืชื• ื•ืขื“ ืกื•ืคื•, ื‘ื”ื›ื ื” ืฉืœ ืฉืชื™ ื”ืืžื”ื•ืช, ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ืžืฉืš ื›-28 ื™ืžื™ื. ื™ืฉ ืœืฆื™ื™ืŸ ื›ื™ ื”ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ื”ื•ื ื‘ื–ืžื ื™ื ื”ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืžื—ื–ื•ืจ ื”ื—ื•ื“ืฉื™ ืฉืœ ืฉืชื™ ื”ื ืฉื™ื.

ื”ืื ืื ื™ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ืืช ืžื™ืŸ ื”ืชื™ื ื•ืง?

ื™ืฉ ื–ื•ื’ื•ืช ืฉืžื—ืœื™ื˜ื™ื ืœื ืœื“ืขืช ื–ืืช ืขื“ ื™ื•ื ื”ืœื™ื“ื”, ืื—ืจื™ื ืžืขื“ื™ืคื™ื ืœื“ืขืช ื–ืืช ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ื”ืจื™ื•ืŸ, ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ืื•ืœื˜ืจืกืื•ื ื“ ื•ื–ื•ื’ื•ืช ืื—ืจื™ื ืžืขื“ื™ืคื™ื ืœื“ืขืช ืืช ื”ืžื™ืŸ ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืžื™ื™ื“ื™ ื•ืืคื™ืœื• ืžืกื™ื‘ื•ืช ืฉื•ื ื•ืช ื‘ื•ื—ืจื™ื ื‘ื•.

ื‘ืฆืœื’ื ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื‘ืงืฉ PGD, Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis. ื‘ืฉื™ื˜ื” ื–ื• ืื ื• ืžื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื™ื ืืช ืžื™ืŸ ืชื™ื ื•ืงืš, ืฉื›ืŸ ื›ืœ ืขื•ื‘ืจ ื™ื ื•ืชื— ืœืคื ื™ ื”ืฉืชืœืชื• ื‘ืจื—ื ื”ืื ื”ื”ืจื”.

ืื ื• ื™ื•ื“ืขื™ื ืฉื‘ื—ื™ืจืช ื”ืžื™ืŸ ืฉืœ ืชื™ื ื•ืงืš ื”ื™ื ื”ื—ืœื˜ื” ื—ืฉื•ื‘ื” ื•ืื™ืฉื™ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื•ืœื›ืŸ ื”ืžื•ืžื—ื™ื ืฉืœื ื• ื™ืขื–ืจื• ืœืš ืœืงื‘ืœ ื”ื—ืœื˜ื” ื–ื• ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ืžื•ืฉื›ืœืช.

ืžื—ื™ืจื™ ืฉื™ื˜ืช ROPA

ืื ืœื•ืงื—ื™ื ื‘ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ืฉื”ืžื—ื™ืจ ืงืฉื•ืจ ืœื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ืกื˜ื ื“ืจื˜ื™, ืขืจื›ื• ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืฉื•ื•ื” ืขืจืš ืœ-6720 $ ื“ื•ืœืจ. ื™ืฉ ืœืฆื™ื™ืŸ ื›ื™ ืžืจืคืืชื ื• ื‘ืฆืœื’ื ืื™ื ื” ืžื›ืกื” ื‘ืชืงืฆื™ื‘, ื”ื•ืฆืื•ืช ื”ืื™ืจื•ื— ื•ื”ืชืจื•ืคื•ืช ืื™ื ืŸ ืžื›ื•ืกื•ืช ื‘ืžืกื’ืจืช ื”ืชืงืฆื™ื‘ื™ื ืฉืœื ื•.

ืœืžื™ื“ืข ื ื•ืกืฃ ืื ื• ืžื–ืžื™ื ื™ื ืืชื›ื ืœื‘ืงืจ ื‘ืืชืจ ื”ืื™ื ื˜ืจื ื˜ ืฉืœื ื• ื‘ื• ืื ื• ืžืกืคืจื™ื ืœื›ื ืื™ืœื• ืฉื™ืจื•ืชื™ื ืื ื• ื›ื•ืœืœื™ื ื‘ืชืงืฆื™ื‘ ื•ืืช ื”ืฉื™ืจื•ืชื™ื ื•ื”ืชืจื•ืคื•ืช ืฉืื™ื ื ื›ืœื•ืœื™ื ื‘ื•.

ื‘-CELAGEM ืื ื—ื ื• ืžื•ื›ื ื™ื ืœื”ื’ืฉื™ื ืœื›ื ืืช ื”ื—ืœื•ื

ืื ื• ืžื•ืžื—ื™ื ื‘ืคืชืจื•ืŸ ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ืคื•ืจื™ื•ืช, ื”ืคืจื™ื” ื—ื•ืฅ ื’ื•ืคื™ืช ืื• ืจื‘ื™ื™ื” ื‘ืกื™ื•ืข. ืื ื—ื ื• ืจื•ืฆื™ื ืœื”ืจืื•ืช ืœื›ื ื›ืžื” ืžื”ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœื™ื ืฉืœื ื• ืฉื”ืชื•ืจ ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ืฉืœื”ื ื‘ื—ื™ื ื ืœื—ืœื•ื˜ื™ืŸ.

ืœืงื‘ื•ืข ืคื’ื™ืฉื”

ืื‘ื—ื•ืŸ ืžืงื•ื•ืŸ

ืฉื™ื˜ืช ROPA